Boreal Forest Facts | Harrowsmith Magazine

Boreal Forest Facts

Spreading over continents and covering many countries including Canada, the Boreal forest plays a significant role in the planet's biodiversity and its climate.

A few facts and figures about the boreal forest:

  • Percentage of Canada covered by boreal forest: 60 per cent. That’s a total of 5.7 million square kilometres;
  • Percentage of Canada’s boreal forest lost to insects, disease and fire every year: 1 per cent;
Owls | Boreal Forest Facts | Harrowsmith Magazine
  • Percentage of boreal forest harvested in Canada annually: 0.2 per cent.
  • Canada’s boreal forest is home to 85 species of mammals, 130 species of fish, some 32,000 species of insects, and 300 species of birds;
  • The boreal forest covers most of inland Canada and Alaska, most of Sweden, Finland and inland Norway, much of Russia, and the northern parts of Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Japan.
Owls | Boreal Forest Facts | Harrowsmith Magazine
  • It represents 29 per cent of the world’s forest cover, and 30 per cent of it lies within Canada;
  • Threatened and endangered wildlife within the Canadian boreal forest includes such iconic species as the woodland caribou, grizzly bear, and wolverine. Habitat loss from logging is a primary reason for the decline of these species;
  • More than 2.5 million people—1 in 13 Canadians—live in Canada’s boreal zone.
The Harrowsmith Team
The Harrowsmith Team

More than 40 years ago, in 1976, James Lawrence pasted together the first edition of Harrowsmith magazine on his kitchen table in rural Ontario. Totally unique, it was the first Canadian magazine to focus on organic living, alternative energy sources, and a country lifestyle. Lawrence’s ode to back-to- the-land virtues quickly attracted legions of fans and soon became Canada’s bible for rural living.

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Posted on Thursday, May 7th, 2015
Filed under Nature

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